The Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI)
The Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants (www.julius-kuehn.de), is both a federal research institute and a higher federal authority. Its main office is located in Quedlinburg (Saxony-Anhalt). Currently, 1,200 staff members, of which 250 are scientists, work in 15 specialized institutes or in one of the service units, such as library, data processing or administration.
Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Centre
for Cultivated Plants, Darmstadt, Germany
JKI activities as a whole are centred on cultivated plants as such. The JKI does research in the fields of plant genetics, cultivation of crops, plant nutrition, soil science, plant protection and plant health. Its broad competence enables the JKI to develop holistic concepts for crop cultivation as a whole, ranging from crop production to plant care.
The Institute for Biological Control in Darmstadt is the only research institute in Germany where the full spectrum of disciplines in biological control is covered. Therefore, it plays a key role in the development and evaluation of plant protection methods based on the use of natural antagonists of plant diseases and pests (especially damaging insects and mites). Another focus of the Institute is the de- velopment and evaluation of natural pro- ducts to combat plant pests and diseases, as well as the exploration of plant streng- theners that enhance the natural defense mechanisms of plants.
1,200 staff members, of which 250 are scientists, work in 15 specialized institutes
As part of the European efforts to reduce the use of chemical pesticides, biological control measures play an increasingly important role in plant protection practice.
The natural products department is led by Annegret Schmitt, who ́s group contributed substantially to development of botanicals such as Milsana. She convenes the IOBC-WPRS working group »Induced resistance in plants against insects and diseases«. Current focus of the de- partment is on the exploration of extracts from licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) and use of antagonistic bacteria and metabolites against fungal plant diseases caused by oomycetes. The scientific coordination of CO-FREE takes place under the lead of A. Schmitt with support by Andrea Scherf.
Stefan Kühne (JKI, Institute for Strategies and Technology Assessment) is involved in field testing of copper alternatives and strategies in potato. Eckhard Koch (JKI, Darmstadt, Phytopathology Department) and Dietrich Stephan (JKI, Darmstadt, Microbiology and Bioengineering Department) are involved in specific aspects of laboratory testing of copper alternatives.